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The mandated volume requirements for biodiesel under D4 RINs in billion gallons is shown in the table (see left). Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel made from renewable sources of raw materials can qualify under both Biomass-based diesel and/or Advanced biofuel categories. In addition to the mandated markets for biodiesel and renewable diesel, the unmandated federal domestic use of these fuels and exports is estimated at approximately 2 billion gallons, including the LCFS consumption (which stands at 50% of diesel used in California). The production and use of Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) from biodiesel is expected to increase substantially during 2023-25 period.
The 2018 National Biofuels Policy of India, amended in May 2022, strengthens the efforts to increase domestic biofuel output from multi-feed stocks and accelerates the pace toward blending goals. The policy includes an accelerated national E-20 mandate from 2030 to 2025 and maintains its biodiesel blending goal of 5 percent for on-road use by 2030. The policy provides a subsidy between Rs. 3 lakh and Rs. 30 crore per kiloliter to domestic biodiesel producers.
Uruguay's mandates for biofuel blending were established in 2007 by the Biofuels Law (Law 18195). The law promotes and regulates the production, commercialization, and use of biofuels. It also aims to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases under the terms of the Kyoto Protocol. A 5% bioethanol blend is mandated after 2015 and a 5% biodiesel blend starting in 2012. The mandates require that the blending targets must be fulfilled with locally produced biofuels.
Biofuels Regulatory Framework of February 2020 implements the South African Biofuels Industrial Strategy and provides for a regulatory framework for the implementation of the Biofuels Industrial Strategy of 2007 (BIS). The targeted biofuel penetration is 4.5% of the national fuel pool. The mandatory blending regulations compel licensed fuel manufacturers and wholesalers to buy/blend locally produced biodiesel at 5% of their diesel market demand.
Under the biodiesel strategy, the Government of Kenya intends to reduce the use of wood fuel and boost biodiesel production in rural communities, particularly in semi-arid areas. The biofuel plan will provide small-scale farmers in the opportunity zones to grow energy crops for biodiesel production. In December 2017, a new National Biofuels Policy (RenovaBio) was signed into law (Federal Law Nº 13.576) that aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve the life cycle energy efficiency, and promote the national biofuel industry.
The Renewable Energy Directive (RED) is the legal framework for the development of clean energy across all sectors of the EU economy. EU is in a leading position for renewables technology development and deployment. Since the introduction of RED (2009/28/EC), the share of renewable energy consumption has increased from 12.5% in 2010 to 21.8% in 2021. Sweden is the leading producer (62.6%), ahead of Finland (43.1%) and Latvia (42.1%), as reported by Eurostat. (2022)
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's Climate Change 2023: Synthesis Report reiterates that humans are responsible for all global heating over the past 200 years leading to a current temperature rise of 1.1°C above pre-industrial levels. The report outlines that the 1.5°C limit is still achievable through the rapid switch from fossil fuels to biofuels and other renewable energy sources.
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